Shedding Light on Tile Terminology

The tile industry has different terminologies that can easily confuse consumers, according to the National Kitchen and Bath Association. In order to choose the proper tiles for their applications, users need to know how to differentiate between the terms used in the industry, in order to help them obtain the best materials to meet their needs in specific applications.

Producers generally classify tiles into two main groups: porcelain tiles and non-porcelain tiles. Non-porcelain tiles are the same as ceramic tiles, and to understand the difference between ceramic and porcelain tiles, users need to understand the basics of making them. Non-porcelain, or ceramic, tiles are a product of kilned red or white clay; they are often cheaper in cost than porcelain products.
Ceramic products are also easier to cut, compared to their porcelain counterparts. Such tiles have a PEI rating between 0 and 3. Used in a wide array of applications, they are suitable for spaces with low or moderate traffic, and since they have a higher water absorption rating, they do not effectively resist frost, and are more prone to wear and tear compared to porcelain tiles.

Porcelain Tile

Porcelain tiles are a product of compressed porcelain with a better quality than ceramic products. They have a higher density, and are non-permeable and fine-grained. They also have a smooth, sharply formed surface. Since they are impervious, they can resist frost effectively, although they are not fully frost proof.

To enhance their quality, porcelain tiles undergo a glazing process that makes their surfaces stronger and more resistant to wear and tear. Due to their stronger quality, compared to their ceramic counterparts, porcelain products are suitable for both residential and commercial applications. Glazing also makes them stain resistant, and ensures that their surfaces remain smooth and easy to clean. The process of glazing involves coating the tiles with a special glass layer mounted on the surface for additional strength.

In addition to preventing staining, the glazing process allows for the free use of colours on all parts of the tile, instead being used on the top surface only. Since the colour covers all parts of the tile, the ultimate product is harder and more suitable for commercial applications.

Aside from the ceramic and porcelain tile products, there are also natural stone products that many homeowners use for flooring purposes. Such stones include marble, travertine, and slate, among others. Each stone has unique properties that make it different from the others, and buyers should select stones according to areas of application, in addition to individual taste and preference.

By knowing these terminologies, buyers are in a better position to navigate through the tiling market and select what best meets their needs.

Things You Need To Know About Porcelain Wall Tiles

Porcelain Wall TilesFor more homes than we know, using of wall tiles is the majority’s selection. It is pretty, easy to clean, and we get to choose from different designs and sizes that suit our needs. There are different types of wall tiles, ceramic, wooden, vinyl, and a lot more, but for today, we will be discussing about porcelain wall tiles.

Porcelain tile is a kind of a ceramic tile that has a characteristic of water absorption speed of less than 0.5 % that are used as a covering of walls and floors. They can either be glazed or unglazed.”Porcelain” and “ceramic” are usually used interchangeably, as if they were the synonymous to each other. Tile shop clerks time and again claim a vast world of difference between the two in order to give good reason for porcelain’s superior prices. Porcelain and ceramic tile are fundamentally the same, with one slight difference. Both are part of the larger group of tiles we can call ceramic. It is more an example of reverse-naming, whereby producers take tiles that have convinced qualities and then allocate the porcelain or ceramic titles to them.

Tile producers and marketers time and again advertise porcelain’s storied record, calling to mind its Italian etymology which is porcellana and that basically means cowrie shell. The fine type of porcelain-ware is white, see-through, strapping, and it has a very well, dense body. It is at all times brought up how fine china is finished of porcelain.

Although porcelain has been used for making tiles for many years, only modern production methods and quantities has made the porcelain tile available for the average householder in recent years.Large-scale manufacture of porcelain tile is embarking on in a lot of countries, with the major producers being Italy, China, Spain as well as Turkey. Besides, there are as well countries undertaking small-scale construction, for instance Australia and burly expansion in Brazil.The hardness of the porcelain tile can be rated from zero (0) to five (5) according to ISO 10545-7 ( and, ASTM C1027) test for exterior abrasion resistance of glazed tile, and this can be employed to conclude appropriateness for a variety of end use circumstances.

Polished Porcelain Tiles is one of the popular varieties of the product. The opaque, hard shell of porcelain has made buffing up a feasible substitute to a glazed surface. This means that a tile can be ablaze, and then a shine cut into the exterior, creating a shine devoid of a glaze.

Porcelain wall tile is a large amount harder than regular ceramic tiles and is more often than not chosen, regardless of its superior price and others in areas where power is more significant, such as walls and marketable use, or in districts of high ware and hard knocks.
However, there are disadvantages of porcelain as compared to regular ceramic tiles. Porcelain is denser and as a result heavier to grip; it is in general more luxurious. Being harder, it is harder to drill and, which may create fitting harder and extra expensive. Polished porcelain wall tiles may call for sealing, where normal glazed tiles do not.

As to adhesives, specialized cements are compulsory for setting up of porcelain wall tiles.Particularly, in the United States of America (USA)stipulation are set by the Tile Council of America (TCA), and propped up by the Tile Contractors Association (TCA). A porcelain tile, being denser and heavier than ordinary ceramic tiles, needs a stronger epoxy resin to hold the heaviness on walls. For that reason archetypal ready-mix bonding agents are not suggested for porcelain.

As to the sealing, when porcelain is initially made, it is not permeable, but the polishing course of action for making the unglazed exterior glossy cuts into the surface, making it more porous (refers to the porosity) and prone to gripping stains, in the similar way as normal stone tiles do. Unless they have an appropriate, long-lasting management put on by the producer, such as nanotech management, polished porcelain wall tiles will call for sealing. Porcelain wall tile sealers are also water-based, which is less expensive, however it does not last as long, or even solvent-based.There are as well a lot of colors to select from – although what we frequently see in others’ home, offices, shops, or commercial, and other residential spaces are colors that array from white to even nude. These colors are protected to use in terms of matching and mixing them with the colors of the walls, or the colors of the furniture.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porcelain_tile